Tragom ranih keltskih uticaja na prostoru Timočke krajine
Na lokalitetu Banjska stena, u blizini Gamzigradske Banje, otkrivena je 1996. godine zoomorfna bronzana fibula sa predstavom glave hibridne životinje na kružno modelovanoj posuvraćenoj stopi. Fibula pripada horizontu ranih keltskih nalaza i najistočniji je nalaz ove vrste. Sličnost u pojedinim detaljima sa najstarijim fibulama sa kružno posuvraćenom stopom koje pripadaju sredini V veka pre naše ere, daje ovoj fibuli izvesnu hronološku prednost nad ostalim fibulama ovog tipa.
ON TRACING EARLY CELTIC INFLUENCES IN TIMOČKA KRAJINA
During 1996, in the systematic excavations carried out on Banjska Stena site, upstream from Gamzigradska Banja, a bronze crossbow zoomorphic ﬁbula was found. It belongs to the type of Early La Tene ﬁbulae having on the upturned foot a knob styled in the form of a hybrid animal, and modeled in the shape of a ﬁsh caught in the net, or maybe a ﬁsh with a harness. According to research so far, it is thought that the idea for their creation was inspired by the images of dragons represented on the scabbards of Early La Tene swords, as well as on pottery vessels of the type of tulip shaped tall goblets. In accordance with the concentration of these ﬁndings, and bearing in mind their Celtic origin, they can be considered to have originated from south-eastern Pannonia, in the present-day Hungary (Szent Andrea, Liter, Sopron-Becsidombrol), and western Rumania (Pecica). Later on, the distribution of such ﬁbulae spread to Posavina (Donja Dolina), as well as to Serbian Podunavlje (the Danube valley) – Viminacium. However, although the ﬁnding from Banjska Stena is the most eastern one (Timočka Krajina) from the centre of their origin, it can be given absolute chronological primacy within this type of ﬁbulae, due to great similarities to the ﬁbulae originating in the Celtic culture central area (Val-de-Travers). The ﬁbula from Banjska Stena should be dated into the middle of 4th century, or at the very beginning of the creating of this type of ﬁbulae, whereas others may generally be dated in the second half of 4th century AD.